Amazon.com is laying off more than 18,000 employees — a significantly bigger number than previously planned — in the latest sign that a technology slump is deepening.
Chief executive officer Andy Jassy announced the move in a memo to staff on Wednesday, saying it followed the company’s annual planning process. The cuts, which began last year, were expected to affect about 10,000 people. The reduction is concentrated in the firm’s corporate ranks, mostly Amazon’s retail division and human resources functions such as recruiting.
“Amazon has weathered uncertain and difficult economies in the past, and we will continue to do so,” he said. “These changes will help us pursue our long-term opportunities with a stronger cost structure.”
More than 18,000 Amazon employees, far more than planned, will lose their jobs.Credit:AP
Though the prospect of lay-offs has loomed over Amazon for months — the company has acknowledged that it hired too many people during the pandemic — the increasing total suggests the company’s outlook has darkened. It joins other tech giants in making major cuts.
Also on Wednesday, enterprise software company Salesforce announced plans to cut about 10 per cent of its workforce and reduce its real estate holdings. The company said it also hired too many people during the pandemic-fuelled boom and was adjusting to more cautious customer spending.
The tech industry is slashing jobs at a pace nearing the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic. In November, the most recent month for which data is available, the sector announced 52,771 cuts, for a total of 80,978 this year, according to consulting firm Challenger, Gray & Christmas. It was the highest monthly total for the industry since the firm started keeping data in 2000.
Amazon investors gave a positive reaction to the latest belt-tightening efforts, betting it may bolster profits at the e-commerce company. The shares climbed nearly 2 per cent in late trading after The Wall Street Journal first reported on the plan.
Eliminating 18,000 workers would be the biggest cut yet for tech companies during the current slowdown, but Amazon also has a far bigger workforce than Silicon Valley peers. It had more than 1.5 million employees as of the end of September, meaning the latest cuts would represent about 1 per cent of the workforce.
At the time Amazon was planning its cuts in November, a spokesperson said the company had about 350,000 corporate employees worldwide.
The world’s largest online retailer spent the end of last year adjusting to a sharp slowdown in e-commerce growth as shoppers returned to pre-pandemic habits. Amazon delayed warehouse openings and halted hiring in its retail group. It broadened the freeze to the company’s corporate staff and then began making cuts.
Jassy has eliminated or curtailed experimental and unprofitable businesses, including teams working on a telehealth service, a delivery robot and a children’s video-calling device, among other projects.
The Seattle-based company also is trying to align excess capacity with cooling demand. One effort includes trying to sell excess space on its cargo planes, according to people familiar with the matter.
Amazon, which began as an online bookstore, is seeing parts of its business level off. But it continues to invest in its cloud-computing and advertising businesses as well as video streaming.
The first wave of cuts landed heaviest on Amazon’s devices and services group, which builds the Alexa digital assistant and Echo smart speaker, among other products. The group’s chief said last month that lay-offs in the unit totalled less than 2000 people, and that Amazon remained committed to the voice assistant.
The first wave of cuts hit Amazon’s devices and services group, which builds the Alexa digital assistant and Echo smart speaker.Credit:AP
Some recruiters and employees in the company’s human resources group were offered buyouts. Jassy told employees in November that more cuts would come in 2023 at its retail and HR teams.
In Wednesday’s memo, Jassy said the company would provide severance, transitional health benefits and job placement to affected workers. He also chided an employee for leaking the news, an apparent reference to The Wall Street Journal report. The company planned to begin discussing the moves with affected employees on January 18, he said.
“Companies that last a long time go through different phases,” Jassy said. “They’re not in heavy people expansion mode every year.”
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