How to screenshot on Mac – keyboard shortcuts for whole screen and cropped grabs

OWN a Mac, iMac or MacBook and can't work out how to screenshot? It's easy when you know how.

We've put together a quick guide on all the different types of screen-grab you can take – and the keyboard shortcuts you'll need.

How to take a screenshot on Mac

To take a screenshot, press SHIFT-COMMAND-3.

You'll see a thumbnail in the corner of your screen, which you can click to edit.

Otherwise the screenshot will simply be saved.

How to capture portion of screen on Mac

To capture a portion of the screen, hold SHIFT-COMMAND-4.

A crosshair will appear, which you can drag to select the area of screen you want to capture.

If you want to move the entire selection, press and hold the Space bar while dragging.

And to cancel your screenshot, simply hit the escape key.

To take the screenshot, release your mouse or trackpad button.

How to screenshot a window or menu on Mac

To capture a single window or menu, press SHIFT-COMMAND-4-SPACE.

The pointer will change to a camera icon, and the window being captured will be indicated.

To cancel this screenshot, press the escape key.

Alternatively, click the window or menu to screenshot it.

You can also exclude the window's shadow from the screenshot by pressing and holding OPTION while you click.

Where to find screenshots on Mac – where are they saved?

MacOS saves screenshots to the desktop by default.

If you're using macOS Mojave or later, you can change the location.

Go into the Screenshot app and then enter the Options menu to change the save folder.

In other news, we've already reviewed the impressive new iPad Pro 2020.

Find out how to record your iPhone screen without installing extra apps.

And here's how to Group FaceTime with an iPhone or iPad.

Do you know any great Mac tips or tricks? Let us know in the comments!

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How to get more money from FAFSA

Not happy with the money your school awarded you? Here are five ways to get more financial aid. (iStock)

With the costs of a four-year college education clocking in at tens of thousands of dollars per year, it’s no surprise that a large portion of today’s students need financial aid to get by.

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The Free Application for Financial Aid, more commonly known as FAFSA, is the key to getting that aid — at least at the federal level.

5 ways to get more money from FAFSA

You painstakingly filled out your FAFSA, awaited its processing, and checked your email religiously for that award letter. Once it comes, you’re disappointed in the result. Your aid isn’t enough to cover your full costs of attendance.

DO YOU QUALIFY FOR FAFSA?

Fortunately, there are a few steps you can take to increase your aid award. Here how to do it:

Be smart about filing your taxes. The more income your household makes and the more assets it holds, the less aid you’ll be eligible for. Make sure this is considered when filing your annual taxes. Are there ways to reduce your income? Could your family avoid taking profits on any investments until after you’ve filed? Doing so may make you eligible for more financial aid.

Update your FAFSA after you file your taxes. If you filed the FAFSA before your annual taxes were done, you’ll want to update the form once they’re filed — especially if you’ve taken steps to lower your income or assets. Log into your FAFSA account and head to the “Make FAFSA Corrections” to update your form.

Update it again if anything changes financially. Your aid is based on the information you put on your original FAFSA — and if that info changes, you need to update it ASAP. Did a parent lose a job or see their wages reduced? Did an emergency come up and deplete your savings? Make sure your FAFSA reflects that. It could have a big impact on your award.

ARE STUDENT LOANS TAXABLE INCOME?

Update your school directly, too. You should also alert your college if something changes. Detail any financial changes your household has experienced in a letter, and mail it to your school’s financial aid office ASAP. It will likely change what aid you’re eligible for.

File an appeal. You can contact your school’s financial aid office and officially appeal your financial aid award, too. Write a letter explaining your family’s financial situation, detail how much more in additional aid you need to attend and consider asking for a matched award if another school offered you more.

If you haven’t yet filed your FAFSA form, do so ASAP. The earlier you file, the better, as it means you’ll likely be among the first across the desk of your school’s financial aid office. More funds will be available, and you may receive more aid as a result. You can submit your FAFSA as early as October 1, so mark it on your calendar if you’ll be filing yours this year.

What’s the maximum amount of money FAFSA gives?

FAFSA has a maximum threshold for each of its three aid options. With Pell Grants, you can get up to $6,195 per year, while Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (FSEOGs) offer up to $4,000. With federal loans, you can get anywhere from $5,000 to $20,500 per year, depending on where you’re at in your school education and whether you’re a dependent or not.

HOW STUDENT LOANS CAN AFFECT YOUR CREDIT SCORE

Other ways to help pay for college

Of course, the FAFSA isn’t the only way to pay for that higher degree. You can also look to private student loans or personal loans, apply for scholarships through your school or community organizations, or cash in on your home equity.

Savings accounts are typically your best option though, as you won’t pay interest to use these funds. If you’re still a ways out from attending university, a 529 college savings plan can be a great option. Though they’re more commonly used for younger children, you can technically start one at any time to start saving up money for your education.

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NAB admits to breaches in fees-for-no service case

National Australia Bank has admitted to charging fees for financial advice when it was not permitted to, and to making false or misleading representations to customers, as it filed its defence to a regulatory lawsuit.

However, the bank admitted to a relatively small fraction of the breaches that were alleged by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), which launched the action against the bank in December. NAB also denied ASIC's allegation of unconscionable conduct.

NAB apologised to customers for not meeting their expectations and for breaching the law.Credit:Sam Mooy

In a case that could attract a hefty fine for the major bank, the watchdog last year accused NAB of more than 12,000 breaches of the law for charging customers "fees for no service," part of an industry-wide scandal that was exposed at the banking royal commission. ASIC alleged the conduct took place between late 2013 and February last year.

In NAB's defence, filed with the Federal Court on Friday, the bank admitted it had breached financial services laws by either failing to issue fee disclosure statements to some clients, or excluding key information that was required.

NAB's defence said it accepted it had contravened a section of the Corporations Act "on fewer than 650 occasions," in contrast to ASIC's claim it had broken these requirements 8927 times.

The bank also said it accepted some fee disclosure statements it had issued to clients "included materially incorrect information [which] conveyed false and/or misleading representations," which the bank said was a breach of the Corporations Act and the ASIC Act.

"NAB regrets these failures and apologises to its customers for not meeting their expectations and for contravening the law," the defence statement says.

ASIC's case against NAB alleged more than 12,000 breaches of the law including the charging of fees after an agreement was terminated, misleading and deceptive conduct and unconscionable conduct.

NAB also denied its conduct in charging fees between May 2018 and February 2019 was unconscionable, which was another part of ASIC's lawsuit.

NAB has previously acknowledged it charged fees-for-no-service, with millions paid in compensation to customers.

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Tesla to deliver Medtronic coronavirus ventilators to NY Thursday

What’s New York City’s coronavirus solution?

New York City Councilman Stephen Levin, D., says the containment measures in the metropolitan area must be more ‘draconian’ in order to properly contain coronavirus.

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Tesla CEO Elon Musk said the company will start delivering ventilators to hard-hit New York hospitals amid the coronavirus pandemic starting Thursday night.

Musk had previously tweeted that Tesla’s Giga New York facility in Buffalo would be retooled for ventilator production “as soon as humanely possible.” The facility had already been shut down as a "nonessential" business in the outbreak.

ELON MUSK PLEDGES CORONAVIRUS VENTILATOR PRODUCTION IN NEW YORK

“We will do anything in our power to help the citizens of New York,” he wrote.

New York has been hit the hardest of any state so far, with more than 37,000 COVID-19 cases across the state. There were more than 21,000 in New York City alone, more than the total number of reported cases in the entire U.K., according to Johns Hopkins University data.

That’s left New York City hospital staff running dangerously low on protective equipment. Nurses have had to reuse masks and staff in at least one Manhattan hospital have been wearing trash bags as makeshift protective gear, the New York Post reported.

WHAT IS PPE?

New York City Councilman Stephen Levin told FOX Business’ Melissa Francis Thursday that he believes there are probably more people in New York City with the virus than there were in Wuhan, China, at the peak there. He said more serious measures may be needed to curb the virus’ spread.

“What we’ve learned from elsewhere in the world, whether it’s Wuhan or Italy, is that as something like this pandemic grows in intensity along that exponential curve, the measures to contain it or get ahead of it have to be more and more draconian,” Levin said. “And we’re seeing that play out in Italy right now … but we’re headed in that exact same direction”

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CORONAVIRUS PROMPTS RETAILERS TO MAKE PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

It wasn’t immediately clear whether the ventilators being delivered by Tesla Thursday were ones manufactured at Giga New York or whether the company had obtained them in advance of preparing the factory.

Musk wrote the company was delivering Resmed, Philips and Medtronic ventilators to the hospitals.

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TAL pledges to waive pandemic life insurer exclusions for super funds

The insurance company representing four major superannuation companies has pledged it will not apply pandemic exclusions for life insurance as the nation faces a rising death toll from the coronavirus pandemic.

TAL is the insurer for UniSuper, Prime Super, TWU Super and NGS Super who all have exclusions for death insurance in the case of a pandemic. But after pressure from the consumer advocate and meetings with the funds, the insurer has pledged to waive these exclusions.

"As the COVID-19 situation has evolved very rapidly, TAL has been gathering information and assessing the situation accordingly and in consultation with our superannuation fund partners," a TAL spokeswoman said in a statement.

"TAL has confirmed to each of these superannuation funds that the pandemic exclusions set out in the policy will not apply."

Makeshift medical wards are popping up around the world to deal with the rising death toll of coronavirus. Credit:Handout

QSuper, however, is a $113 billion government-owned fund based in Brisbane that is standing by its pandemic exclusion that is relevant to new members who do not sign up through the default system, or those wishing to increase their level of cover.

The majority of existing members at these funds will be covered, but Super Consumers said it had found people had been denied pandemic-related total and permanent disability or income protection if they recently opened an account with QSuper or tried to increase their coverage.

QSuper said exclusion clauses were designed to reduce the cost of premiums and while the clause was waived for existing customers who were defaulted into the fund, new members would be made aware of the exclusion before joining.

QSuper chief of member experience Jason Murray said the fund worked to keep its insurance cover affordable and accessible.

“That means balancing features and exclusions for the benefit of the membership overall,” he said. “QSuper is a not for profit fund and we are focused on protecting our existing members’ retirement savings and insured benefits first and foremost.

“Without a pandemic clause for new non-default members we ran the risk that we would have to increase premiums for everyone who we try to service with economical insurance coverage."

HESTA, Colonial First State FirstChoice and Care Super also have these pandemic exclusions for people who have recently signed up or increased the level of cover. But in recent weeks, these funds have asked insurers to waive these exclusions.

Super Consumers director Xavier O'Halloran said an assurance from the insurance company did not go far enough and called for the policy to be re-written.

"Anyone who doesn't read the reporting, or remember the comms from their super funds would just go to the policy and see they can't claim. It's really incumbent on the funds to inform their membership if they're not going to rely on these terms and they should remove them," Mr O'Halloran said.

Chief operating officer at the Association of Financial Advisors, Phil Anderson, said the majority of life and income protection insurance products sold to individuals by financial advisors included cover for pandemics. "If you pass away because of coronavirus, you will be paid out," he said. "The issue is with the group insurance market."

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How to screen record on Windows 10 – and you don't have to download any extra apps

WINDOWS 10 has a secret tool that lets you record videos clips of your computer screen.

The free screen recorder function is handy if you want to film yourself playing games or remotely show your elderly relatives how to find something on their PC.

You can also use it to show colleagues what's on your screen if you're working from home due to Britain's coronavirus lockdown.

While it's a nifty tool, Microsoft has done a pretty good job of hiding the tool.

It's actually nestled in a special tab dedicated to gaming within the Windows 10 operating system.

That tab is called Game Bar – and you may well not have seen it before.


To find it, bring up your Start Menu and search for "Game bar", or simply hit the keyboard shortcut Win + G.

This will open a slightly intimidating menu featuring all manner of buttons and features.

Don't be overwhelmed, though: You only need one of them to record your screen.

On the top bar, click the icon with four parallel lines next to the clock.


Hit the "capture" option in the dropdown menu to open the capture tab.

From here, click the big button with a circle in the middle – that means "record" – to start capturing your screen.

Everything you do on-screen will now be recorded by your computer.

Hit the stop button in the little window that pops up to finish recording your clip.

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The file will automatically be stored in the "Videos" folder within My PC.

You can then send it as an email attachment or on your preferred instant messaging service.

If you're not on Windows 10, there are a number of free apps you can use to record your screen instead.

OBS Studio is a good place to start, as is FlashBackRecorder.

In  other news, Microsoft warned Windows users this week of a "critical" hack attack with no fix available.

The UK's internet capacity could be rationed to prioritise key apps and websites.

And, Facebook has pledged to give $100million to help 30,000 small businesses survive the coronavirus outbreak.

Have you tried screen record on your PC? Let us know in the comments!

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Virgin set to make all 220 Tigerair pilots redundant

Virgin Australia will make all pilots at its budget arm Tigerair redundant as part of a round of layoffs that will see more than 1000 workers lose their jobs in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.

The airline on Wednesday stood down 8000 of its 10,000 workers as it slashed domestic flight capacity by 90 per cent. On Thursday, chief executive Paul Scurrah said more than 1000 of those workers would lose their jobs permanently.

Virgin insists its low-cost subsidiary will continue to operate after the COVID-19 crisis passes, with plans to use a single workforce of pilots across both the Virgin and Tigerair fleets. Credit:Paul Rovere

The Australian Federation of Air Pilots said all 220 pilots at Tigerair had been told they would lose their jobs at the end of April.

“It is disappointing that while Virgin is trying to reassure the travelling public that it will maintain a low-cost carrier, it is dismissing all of Tigerair’s pilots at the same time," AFAP industrial officer James Lauchland said.

Virgin insists its low-cost subsidiary will continue to operate after the COVID-19 crisis passes, with plans to use a single workforce of pilots across both Virgin and Tigerair.

The redundancies are likely to include about 500 pilot and cabin crew roles at Virgin's New Zealand base, which the company plans to close.

"The COVID-19 pandemic has required the group to evaluate its operating model for its Boeing 737 flying, to ensure we are operating as efficiently as possible once the crisis is over," a Virgin spokeswoman said.

"We are consulting with the unions on a proposal to have all future domestic and short haul flying operated by Virgin Australia Group pilots, including Tigerair services."

Qantas has stood down 20,000 of its 30,000 employees.

The 1000 redundancies are in addition to 750 layoffs announced late last year as part of a restructure designed to lift Virgin's poor financial performance.

The unions representing Qantas and Virgin pilots and engineers wrote to federal Transport Minister Michael McCormack on Wednesday, calling for support for workers to be included in any further industry assistance.

A lot of the staff Virgin Australia stood down earlier this week will be made redundant, the airline says. Credit:Bloomberg

A $715 million industry assistance package announced last week had not been passed on to workers, the unions said, with stood-down employees either having to use annual leave or unpaid leave.

"Other countries have already announced support that directly covers aviation industry employees," the letter said.

"The industry needs more government support to ensure it survives this downturn," the unions said.

"What we are asking is that when further aviation support packages are considered, ongoing wage relief be a key element. Australia cannot afford to lose qualified aviation professionals who will play a vital role in relaunching the industry when the COVID-19 downturn ends."

The Transport Workers Union, which represents baggage handlers and ground crew, said the government should step in to pay up to 80 per cent of the wages of stood down airline workers. The British government has launched a similar policy.

The TWU criticised Virgin for standing down staff but noted that unlike Qantas, it had agreed to discuss compensation when the crisis passed.

with AAP

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Virgin redundancies to top 1000 as planes are grounded, CEO says

Virgin Australia boss Paul Scurrah says more than 1000 of the workers it stood down this week will likely be made redundant as the airline grounds almost its entire fleet during the coronavirus pandemic.

The airline on Wednesday announced it had suspended 8000 of its 10,000 workers as it slashed domestic flight capacity by 90 per cent. Qantas has stood down 20,000 of its 30,000 employees.

A lot of the staff Virgin Australia stood down earlier this week will be made redundant, the airline says. Credit:Bloomberg

"This is the worst airline crisis the world has ever seen," Mr Scurrah told ABC TV on Thursday morning.

The redundancies are likely to include about 500 roles at Virgin's New Zealand base, which it is looking to close.

The 1000 redundancies are in addition to 750 layoffs announced late last year as part of a restructure designed to lift Virgin's poor financial performance.

The unions representing Qantas and Virgin pilots and engineers wrote to federal transport minister Michael McCormack on Wednesday calling for support for workers to be included in any further industry assistance.

A $715 million industry assistance package announced last week had not been passed to workers, the unions said, with stood-down employees either having to use annual leave or unpaid leave.

"Other countries have already announced support that directly covers aviation industry employees," the letter said.

"The industry needs more government support to ensure it survives this downturn," the unions said.

"What we are asking is that when further aviation support packages are considered, ongoing wage relief be a key element. Australia cannot afford to lose qualified aviation professionals who will play a vital role in relaunching the industry when the COVID-19 downturn ends."

The Transport Workers Union, which represents baggage handlers and ground crew, said the government should step in to pay up to 80 per cent of the wages of stood down airline workers. The British government has launched a similar policy.

The TWU criticised Virgin for standing down staff but said that unlike Qantas, it had agreed to discuss compensation when the crisis passed.

with AAP

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Companies, labs rush to produce blood test for coronavirus immunity

Trump: New drugs may be a ‘game changer’ for coronavirus

President Trump addresses new treatments that have become available to combat the coronavirus.

(Reuters) – As the United States works overtime to screen thousands for the novel coronavirus, a new blood test offers the chance to find out who may have immunity – a potential game changer in the battle to contain infections and get the economy back on track.

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Several academic laboratories and medical companies are rushing to produce these blood tests, which can quickly identify disease-fighting antibodies in people who already have been infected but may have had mild symptoms or none at all. This is different from the current, sometimes hard-to-come-by diagnostic tests that draw on a nasal swab to confirm active infection.

"Ultimately, this (antibody test) might help us figure out who can get the country back to normal," Florian Krammer, a professor in vaccinology at Mount Sinai's Icahn School of Medicine, told Reuters. "People who are immune could be the first people to go back to normal life and start everything up again."

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Krammer and his fellow researchers have developed one of the first antibody tests in the United States for COVID-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus. Krammer said his lab is busy distributing key ingredients for the tests to other organizations and sharing the testing procedure. He is transferring the work to Mount Sinai's clinical lab this week so it can begin testing patient samples.

FILE – In this Feb. 18, 2020, file photo, Dr. Zhou Min, a recovered COVID-19 patient who has passed his 14-day quarantine, donates plasma in the city’s blood center in Wuhan in central China’s Hubei province. Plasma from recovered COVID-19 patients c

Antibody tests won't face the same bureaucratic hurdles diagnostic testing initially did. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration relaxed its rules last month, and body-fluid tests can proceed to market without full agency review and approval.

CORONAVIRUS HAS NOT CLOSED THESE BUSINESSES: BANKS, TELECOM PROVIDERS STAY OPEN

Several private companies have begun selling blood tests for COVID-19 antibodies outside the United States, including California-based Biomerica Inc and South Korean test maker Sugentech Inc. Biomerica said its test sells for less than $10 and the company already has orders from Europe and the Middle East. Chembio Diagnostics Inc of New York said it received a $4 million order from Brazil for its COVID-19 antibody test, and it plans a study of the test at several sites
in the United States.

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Such tests are relatively inexpensive and simple, usually using blood from a finger prick. Some can produce results in 10 to 15 minutes. That could make ramping up screening much easier than for diagnostic tests.

Many questions remain, including how long immunity lasts to this new virus, how accurate the tests are and how testing would roll out, according to researchers and infectious disease experts. For now, the number of people who have been able to fight off the virus is unknown.

If testing goes forward on a wider scale, some public health experts and clinicians say healthcare workers and first responders should take priority.

MARTIAL LAW RUMORS FLY DURING CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC

Detecting immunity among doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers could spare them from quarantine and enable them to keep treating the growing surge of coronavirus patients, they say. It could also bolster the ranks of first responders, police officers and other essential workers who have already been infected and have at least some period of protection from the virus, the experts say.

"If I ever get the virus and then get over it, I'll want to get back to the front lines ASAP," said Dr. Adams Dudley, a pulmonologist and professor at the University of Minnesota School of Medicine. "I would have a period in which I am immune, effectively making me a 'corona blocker' who couldn't pass the disease on."

‘VERY ATTRACTIVE’

Other workers sidelined by lockdowns also could potentially return to their jobs, providing a much-needed boost to the foundering U.S. economy. The number of Americans filing for unemployment benefits has soared, and business activity slumped to a record low this month as the pandemic battered the manufacturing and service sectors.

Dr. Kong Yuefeng, a recovered COVID-19 patient who has passed his 14-day quarantine, donates plasma in the city’s blood center in Wuhan in central China’s Hubei province Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2020. Plasma from recovered COVID-19 patients contains antibod

Dr. William Schaffner, a professor of infectious diseases at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, said companies, schools, colleges and professional sports teams could all flock to these tests. He also said a broad sample of testing could give a governor or mayor enough confidence to lift certain restrictions on businesses and schools if there is a strong level of immunity.

CORONAVIRUS LOCKDOWN — EX-GREEN BERET'S ADVICE FOR DEALING WITH THE UNKNOWN

"These tests would be very attractive if they're cost effective, readily available and easy to do," he said.

Tony Mazzulli, chief microbiologist with Toronto's Sinai Health system, sounded a note of caution. It is uncertain whether antibodies would be sufficient protection if a person were to be re-exposed to the virus in very large amounts. That could happen in an emergency room or intensive-care unit, for instance.

The timing of a return to work and normal life also matters, he said. Some people who have antibodies to the virus could still be contagious, even if their symptoms have eased. Patients begin to make antibodies while they are still sick, Mazzulli said, and they continue to shed the virus for a few days after they have recovered.

It would be "a bit premature" to use the tests to make staffing decisions now, Mazzulli said. "The hope is … (antibodies) do confer protection and they can go to work, ride the subways, whatever they do. But there's no guarantee."

Meantime, at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, researchers are preparing to start a clinical trial in which patients who test positive for COVID-19 would have their blood collected at the time of diagnosis, and again 15 to 20 days after that in the patient's home.

CORONAVIRUS CLOSURES: THESE STORES ARE TEMPORARILY SHUTTING THEIR DOORS

The trial is designed to show when people who have COVID-19 infections "seroconvert" - when antibodies produced by the body begin to show up in blood tests. That information will be useful in determining the best time to conduct the tests.

"You don't want to do it too soon because of the risk of false negatives," said Elitza Theel, director of Mayo's Infectious Diseases Serology Laboratory.

Mayo also is evaluating the performance of antibody tests from several companies, including two from China.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said it is working on its own version of antibody tests, but it has not given a timetable. The agency has said extensive research is underway. One challenge for the CDC and other labs is to get enough blood samples from people who have already been infected to verify the antibody results.

The agency faced heavy criticism for sending a faulty diagnostic test to state and local labs early in the coronavirus epidemic and then taking weeks to fix it. The federal government is still trying to expand diagnostic testing capacity.

MONTHS OF IMMUNITY

The potential for antibody testing arises as U.S. President Donald Trump is considering scaling back "social distancing" and stay-at-home advisories in the weeks ahead. His political allies argue that the toll on the U.S. economy is too severe. About half of Americans have been ordered to shelter in place as many schools and businesses remain shuttered indefinitely.

On Tuesday, Trump said: "I would love to have the country opened up and just raring to go by Easter."

Reopening offices and businesses without fear of triggering more infections, however, has been complicated by the lack of testing to diagnose COVID-19 cases across much of the country.

On Monday, Dr. Deborah Birx, a member of the White House coronavirus task force, said simple, finger-prick antibody tests could play an important role, and she suggested the federal government is not waiting on the CDCRs version.

"Some are developed now. We are looking at the ones in Singapore," Birx said Monday at a White House press briefing. "We are very quality-oriented. We don't want false positives."

False positives are erroneous results that, in this case, could lead to a conclusion that someone has immunity when he or she does not.

Researchers at the Duke-National University of Singapore Medical School said they quickly developed one antibody test that had about 90% accuracy and later introduced a more sophisticated version that was more reliable, according to a report in the Straits Times of Singapore.

Infectious disease experts say immunity against COVID-19 may last for several months and perhaps a year or more based on their studies of other coronaviruses, including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), which emerged in 2003. But they caution that there is no way to know precisely how long immunity would last with COVID-19, and it may vary person to person.

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"You are likely to have immunity for several months," said Dr. Stanley Perlman, a professor of microbiology and immunology at the University of Iowa. "We just don't know. This is an incredibly important question."

Perlman said many of the new antibody tests coming on the market now may be highly effective, but researchers want to see data to back that up.

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"You want them to be sensitive enough to detect everyone who has had the infection," Perlman said, "but not so nonspecific that you are picking up other coronaviruses."

(Chad Terhune reported from Los Angeles, Julie Steenhuysen from Chicago and Allison Martell from Toronto; Editing by Julie Marquis)

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China to resume US liquefied petroleum gas imports as Beijing waives tariff: sources

Coronavirus creating oil demand uncertainty: Energy economist

The Heritage Foundation energy economist Nick Loris discusses the impact of falling oil prices on the American economy and the potential benefits to consumers.

SINGAPORE (Reuters) – China has begun buying U.S. liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) again after a hiatus of nearly 20 months as Beijing waived punitive tariffs to boost imports of U.S. goods as part of the Sino-U.S. Phase 1 trade deal, industry sources said.

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Importers have rushed to apply for waivers for the 25% tariff to buy the fuel, a by-product from U.S. shale gas production, after Beijing started granting exemptions this month for nearly 700 U.S. goods.

About a dozen firms – including China Gas Holdings, a piped gas distributor and LPG trader, and Oriental Energy, a manufacturer using LPG to make petrochemicals – have been granted the tariff waivers, according to two veteran LPG traders, an investment officer and analysts at IHS Markit.

With the exemptions, U.S. LPG is subject only to a 1% import duty, same as rival supplies from the Middle East.

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"U.S. LPG provides us a diversified source of supply to keep our overall import cost low,'' said Tan Yuwei, an investor relation officer with China Gas, adding that the firm has booked 60,000 tonnes of U.S. fuel for late April arrival.

An official with Oriental Energy confirmed his company won a tariff exemption but declined to comment on any purchases.

OIL CRASH LEAVES EXXON, CHEVRON DIVIDENDS SAFE — FOR NOW

The LPG traders declined to be named because they are not authorized to speak with the press.

Yanyu He, IHS Markit's Houston-based senior analyst for natural gas liquids, said he expected Chinese bookings of U.S. cargoes to re-emerge from April, although the sudden crash of oil prices to sub-$30 a barrel will see U.S. LPG output decline.

China may have booked an estimated five U.S. cargoes totalling 220,000 tonnes so far, said a Beijing-based IHS analyst who also declined to be named as he is not authorized to speak to the media. This analyst said a slow rebound in Chinese petrochemical production following the coronavirus outbreak could hold back purchases.

AMID CORONAVIRUS, US COULD SEE LOWEST GAS PRICES EVER: ANALYST

The resumption of U.S. trade is set to weigh on prices of competing cargoes from Qatar and Saudi Arabia.

Benchmark U.S. spot butane prices in Mont Belvieu, Texas, have lost two-thirds of their values over the past month, dropping to their lowest since at least 1990 at $0.21 per U.S. gallon, primarily tracking the free-fall in oil prices.

That is equivalent to about $95 per tonne, and compares with April Asian LPG paper at $150 a tonne.

China was the No.2 buyer of U.S. LPG exports in 2017, with purchases at 3.6 million tonnes, then worth some $2 billion. Imports began shrinking in late 2018 and nearly dried up last year during the prolonged U.S.-China trade war.

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U.S. LPG, typically in 44,000 tonne cargoes and sailing through the Panama Canal, takes about two weeks to get to China.

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LPG consists of propane and butane used for heating and making petrochemicals.

(Reporting by Chen Aizhu; Editing by Tom Hogue)

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