Premiums could rise after insurer QBE increased its allowance for catastrophic weather claims by almost a quarter following a year of unprecedented weather events in Australia and the United States.
QBE told investors on Monday it would set aside $US685 million ($890 million) for claims related to extreme weather for calendar year 2021, after breaching its $US550 million cap last year due to Australia's horror bushfires and the northern hemisphere's worst hurricane season on record.
Insurers are facing margin pressure due to extreme weather events becoming more frequent.
The ASX-listed global insurer, headquartered in Sydney, last month said it would likely report a $US1.5 billion loss for the year due to the higher-than-expected claims from catastrophic weather, which caused the company’s share price to fall by more than 12 per cent over the day.
However, QBE interim chief executive Richard Pryce said he was now confident the group could "drive appropriate margin expansion" in 2021 given its beefed up reinsurance program that factors in greater exposure to more frequent and extreme weather events.
KPMG partner and insurance expert Scott Guse said insurers would likely need to increase premiums or reduce costs to pay for increasingly expensive reinsurance – cover bought to protect insurers from mass claim events.
"There are a number of levers that insurance companies can pull, pricing is the main one – they can increase prices to improve margin," Mr Guse said. Insurers could also cut costs, he said.
"However, you can only use those levers too much before insurance becomes unaffordable or before your cost base is already at a rock bottom and you can’t reduce costs any further.
"At the moment, they have these levers they can use to maintain similar margins at this point in time. But in the future, who knows?"
Mr Guse said global reinsurers evaluated the level of risk posed by extreme weather in jurisdictions around the world each year. Previously, the Australian market had been an attractive opportunity for reinsurers to diversify their portfolios but increasingly severe local weather patterns had pushed prices up.
"Our track record has not been good," he said. "If you look over the past probably decade, you would say that reinsurers have made a loss in total in Australia.
"Every year, we seem to have either cyclones or floods or bushfires that have created a level of reinsurance cost that has surpassed the actual premiums the insurers have collected from Australian businesses."
QBE said the increased allowance would mean the probability of the group breaching its catastrophe allowance is now lower than last year. However, Morningstar analyst Nathan Zaia said last month it was "proving impossible" to accurately provision for these extreme weather events.
QBE is Australia's largest insurer in terms of market capitalisation and provides services such as agricultural crop protection across North America, Europe and Asia. Last year's Californian bushfires decimated winemakers in the Napa Valley, causing a spike in claims that contributed to the group's extreme weather bill breaching its annual allowance by at least $US130 million.
Mr Guse said insurers like QBE had become "a little more risky" asset for investors, but the industry was active in addressing its operating risks by lobbying governments to act on climate change.
Former QBE chief executive Pat Regan, who left the company abruptly in August, warned premiums could soon become unaffordable in parts of the world that are exposed to repeated extreme weather events.
QBE's share price jumped in the morning but then slumped to $8.49 in mid-afternoon trade, or 0.82 per cent over its last closing price.
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